挑选滑雪板的技巧

2016-10-24 10:35:27 点击数:

1.雪板的类型:在选购雪板之前你必须要了解的是单板会分大致三种类型(全能板、公园板、高山板),映射了单板的几种玩法和地形(回转、跳台、U槽、平地花式、BOX、RAIL、高山)。第一种也是最常见的叫FREESTYLE(全能板),这种雪板在国内用得比较多,相对比较全能在各个方面都有不错的表现,速度和硬度中等,全能板最出色的是在回转、跳台、U槽方面。第二种叫PARK(公园板),这种雪板可以让你在公园舒服地泡上一天,普遍的公园板都拥有双向板头(TWIN TIP),速度相对较慢,硬度最软,更适用于平地花式、BOX、RAIL。第三种叫作FREERIDE(高山板),这种板子一般板头较长较宽较薄,板尾较短较窄较厚,这种雪板速度最快硬度最大。
2.雪板的基本参数:
(1)长度:属性英文名LENGTH,一般来说,越长的单板越稳定,适合高速滑行,越短的板子越灵活,适合公园和道具上的使用。但是在哪个范围的长短比较合适呢?将板子立起来,最高不要过你的鼻头,最矮不要低过肩膀。严格来讲一般初学者,建议用你的身高减去20cm合适,根据你的体重和偏爱的玩法可上下浮动3cm,体重偏大偏爱滑行的人可以选择向上浮动,体重较轻喜欢玩平花BOX的人可以选择向下浮动。如果你是一名发烧友,那一块雪板不可能满足你的需求,你至少需要两块雪板,分别在高速滑行比如需要速度的大跳台或者大山上,和公园以及道具上使用的短的板子。而用来做道具动作的最短的长度,在肩膀左右就是合适的了。根据国外PRO使用雪板的情况,其实板子的高度和身高关系不是特别的紧密,关键是控制好你的体重,只要你的体重在雪板能承受的范围内,你可以用短的板子体验板子的灵活,你也可以用长板子体验速度和稳定性。这个也不是非要照规矩来,国外也有180的玩家有152的板子。
(2)宽度:宽度有三类属性,Nose Width(板头宽)、Tail Width(板尾宽),Waist Width(板腰宽),一般我们主要关注的是Waist Witdth(板腰宽)。通常来说根据身高挑选的板子在宽度上也基本合适,但是有些脚比较大的玩家可能发现够长的板子不够宽(标准是看在将固定器和靴子按照习惯角度摆放好后,是否有过多的部分宽出板面,比如说5个脚指都在外面,板子就不够宽,容易在滑行的时候因为无法正常使用板边滑行而发生事故。但注意,稍微宽出板子一点的靴子和固定器非常正常。如果你是个190cm的大个子拥有45号的大脚,你想玩BOX你肯定就需要一块Wide加宽板了。
(3)硬度:在选择单板的时候硬度也是一大选择关键。一般来说,越硬的板子在高速下越稳定,适合速度的保持。越软的板子在FREESTYLE的时候越容易完成花式动作,你应该根据自己喜欢的滑行方式而选择不同的硬度。身体的体重在选择不同硬度类型的时候也起到很大决定作用。同样高度的人,越重的相对应该使用越硬的板子,而越轻的则可以选择更软的板子。一般的单板公司在所推出的不同产品上都有注明其所适合的滑行方式和玩家的重量等标准,大家在选择的时候应该注意参考。因为不同公司不同型号有不同的标准。在这里提醒大家一点:不管是软板子还是硬板子真正的好板子用力在平地上压起来他是细腻顺滑的,如果压起来出现粗糙干涩的感觉那一定不是什么好板子,还有一点好的板子压起来不同位置会有不同的硬度,如果你压一片板子感觉从板头到板尾硬度完全一致,那么说明板芯结构基本没有什么特殊设计,道理很简单,你压一块三合板会有同样的效果。
(4)板形:板形翻译的不是很准确,主要是指板头和板尾的形状和长短,国外的英文属性叫SHAPE,参数有三个:Directional、Twin和Tapered。对于Directional主要是指板头长而板尾相对短一些的设计,标准的Directional用于Freestyle(全能板)比较多;对于Tapered是有方向的形状比如板头宽而板尾略窄,Freeride(高山板)一般会采用这种板形;而Twin并不是我们常说所的TT(Twin Tip)双向板头,这里所指的是板头和板尾的形状一致、长短一致,只有SHAPE(板形)属性和FLEX(弹性)属性的参数都是Twin的时候才是真正的TT(Twin Tip)双向板头,这种板形一般都应用于Park(公园板)。但各厂商的标准不同,从而出现了很多混合参数,如Directional Tapered、Directional Twin、True Twin、Almost Twin等等,不过你要你熟悉了板形的三个基本参数,这些组合参数你自然也能理解了。
(5)弹性:英文属性叫FLEX,它主要用来描述板头和板尾的硬度和弹性,FLEX属性主要有两个参数:Directional和Twin。对于Directionnal是指板头板尾的厚度不一样,从而导致弹性不同,一般来讲Freeride(高山板)的FLEX属性会是这种参数;对于Twin是指板头板尾的厚度相同从而有同样的弹性,这种参数一般用于全能板和公园板。
(6)有效边长:属性英文名EFFECTIVE EDGES,这个属性很好理解,就是雪板板刃有效接触雪面的长度,EFFECTIVE EDGES上Freestyle(全能板)所占长度比例更小,从直观上来讲就是Freestyle板子看上去凹凸曲线更明显,Freeride则更平直。这样的目的是为了让Freestyle 的板子在雪地上拥有比Freeride板子更少的与雪地接触的边长,所以玩家可以做更多的BUTTER以及转身的动作而不会因为有效边长太大而吃雪失控。而Freestyle的板子呢,有更长的EFFECTIVE EDGE,通过更大的与雪地接触长度,使得滑行更稳定和有力,转弯也可以非常的快速和准确。一些纯为铁杆儿设计的Park(公园板)的有效边长也是相对较长的,目的是为了提高在各种道具上的稳定性。
3.雪板的技术特点:
(1)板芯:英文属性名CORE,板芯主要由不同的木材、玻璃纤维(Fiberglass)和碳纤维(Carbon)通过不同的排列位置和交错层次产生不同的雪板性能,是决定一块雪板性能的最关键的因素,它主要决定了一块板子的重量、弹性和硬度三个主要性能参数,各大品牌将不同的级别板芯命名,从重量递增,弹性递减。一块板子的板芯可以让你的Ollie如鱼得水,也可让你的起跳力不从心。太多品牌为了响应环保号召推出了竹芯的雪板,除了环保,没有太多亮点。
(2)板面:对于板面并不是一幅漂亮的图案那么简单,有的品牌采用了防滑伤涂层,如StepChild,有的品牌就很容易划伤如Burton和FLOW’
(3)板底:各大雪板品牌的板底材料不尽相同,但主要还是分两种,一种叫挤压板底,这种板底相对较软,速度自然相对比较慢,但维护和修理比较方便,一般适用于Park(公园板);还有一种叫作烧结板底,这种板底相对较硬,速度很快,但维护和修理相对困难,一般适用于Freeride(高山板)。除了这两种还有很多种混合型板底,从而决定了雪板不同的速度和耐磨程度。
(4)板刃:对于单板的板刃从材质上分大致有两种,一种是钢刃,强度更大,更耐用,用于Freeride(高山板)和Freestyle(全能板),钢刃的缺点是打磨困难,需要专业的人员和工具;另外一种材质是铜刃,这种刃相对较软,寿命相应会短一些,更适合在公园玩各种道具,不会出现上Rail卡刃的情况,铜刃打磨比较方面。还有一种是内刃,也就是无刃,这种基本上没有被广泛认可,Burton的Dominant Slide我们认为比较尴尬,事实证明已经停产了。

1. The type of snowboard: before you buy the snowboard you must understand that the board will be divided into three general types (all-around board, park board, mountain plate), mapping the board of several games are played and terrain (turn , Platform, U slot, flat fancy, BOX, RAIL, mountains). The first and most common is called FREESTYLE (all-round board), this snowboard in the country with more, relatively more versatile in all aspects of a good performance, speed and hardness medium, all-round plate is the best in the rotation , Platform, U slot side. The second is called PARK (Park board), this snowboard allows you to soak in the park comfortable day, the universal park board has a two-way board head (TWIN TIP), the speed is relatively slow, the hardness of the most soft, more applicable Yiping fancy, BOX, RAIL. The third is called FREERIDE (alpine plate), this board is generally longer and wider board, the tail is shorter and narrower, this snowboard the fastest hardness of the largest.

2. The basic parameters of the snowboard: 
(1) Length: attribute English name LENGTH, in general, the longer the more stable the board, suitable for high-speed taxi, the more flexible the board, suitable for parks and props on the use. But in which the length of the range is more appropriate? The board stand up, the highest not to your nose, the shortest not lower than the shoulder. Strictly speaking, the general beginners, it is recommended to use your height minus 20cm appropriate, according to your weight and preference can be played up and down 3cm, heavy weight preference skating people can choose to float up, lighter weight like playing flat flowers BOX Of people can choose to float down. If you are a enthusiast, that a snowboard can not meet your needs, you need at least two snowboards, respectively, in high-speed taxi, such as the need for speed big platform or mountain, and parks and props on the use of short board The And used to make the shortest length of props action, in the shoulder is appropriate. According to foreign use of snowboard PRO, in fact, the height of the board and the height of the relationship is not particularly close, the key is to control your weight, as long as your weight in the snowboard can withstand the range, you can use a short board to experience the board Flexible, you can also use long board to experience speed and stability. This is not to follow the rules, there are 180 foreign players have 152 boards.

(2) Width: width has three types of attributes, Nose Width, Tail Width, Waist Width, generally we are concerned about Waist Width. Generally speaking, according to the height of the board in the width of the basic is also appropriate, but some of the larger players may find a long enough board is not wide enough (the standard is to see the fixture and boots in accordance with the custom angle placed, whether there is The extra part of the wide out of the board, for example, 5 feet are on the outside, the board is not wide enough, easy to slide because the normal use of the board side of the taxi and the accident occurred, but note that a little wide out of the board a little boots And the fixture is very normal.If you are a 190cm big man with 45 big feet, you want to play BOX you certainly need a wide wide plate.

(3) Hardness: When choosing a board, hardness is also a big choice. In general, the harder the board is more stable at high speed, suitable for speed retention. The more soft the board in FREESTYLE when the easier it is to complete the fancy action, you should choose according to their own way of sliding different hardness. Body weight in the choice of different hardness types also play a great role in determining. The same height of the people, the heavier the relative should be used more hard board, and the lighter you can choose a softer board. General veneer companies in the introduction of different products are marked on the appropriate way of sliding and the weight of the player and other standards, we should pay attention to the choice of reference. Because different companies have different standards for different models. Here to remind you that: whether it is soft board or hard board really good board hard to pressure on the ground he is smooth and smooth, if the pressure appears rough and dry feeling that must not be a good board, there is a little good Board pressure up different positions will have different hardness, if you press a board feel from the board to the end of the board hardness is exactly the same, then the basic structure of the core structure is no special design, the reason is very simple, you press a plywood will have the same effect.

(4) plate shape: plate translation is not very accurate, mainly refers to the shape and length of the board and the end of the board, foreign English attributes called SHAPE, there are three parameters: Directional, Twin and Tapered. For Directional mainly refers to the length of the board head and the relatively short design of the tail, the standard Directional for Freestyle (versatile plate) more; for Tapered is the direction of the shape such as the board wide and slightly narrow tail, Free-ride (mountain plate) (Twin Tip) two-way board head, here refers to the shape of the board and the end of the board is consistent, the length of the same, only the SHAPE (plate) attributes and FLEX (elastic) attribute parameters are Twin when it is a real TT (Twin Tip) two-way board head, this shape is generally used in Park (Park board). But the manufacturers of different standards, which appeared a lot of mixed parameters, such as Directional Tapered, Directional Twin, True Twin, Almost Twin, etc., but you want you to familiar with the three basic parameters of the plate, these combination parameters you naturally can Understand it.

(5) Elasticity: English attribute called FLEX, which is mainly used to describe the board and board tail hardness and flexibility, FLEX attribute has two main parameters: Directional and Twin. For Directional is the thickness of the board-head plate is not the same, resulting in different elasticity, in general Free-ride (alpine board) FLEX attribute will be such a parameter; for Twin refers to the board head plate tail thickness of the same and thus have the same flexibility, This parameter is generally used for all-around board and park board. 
(6) Effective side length: attribute English name EFFECTIVE EDGES, this property is well understood, that is, snowboard blade blade effective contact with the length of the snow, EFFECTIVE EDGES Freestyle (versatile plate) the proportion of the smaller proportion, from the intuitive It is Freestyle board looks bump curve is more obvious, Free-ride is more straight. The purpose is to keep Freestyle's board in the snow with less side of the snow than the Free-ride board, so the player can do more BUTTER and turn the action and not because the effective side is too long to eat Snow out of control. While Freestyle's board has a longer EFFECTIVE EDGE, through a greater contact with the length of the snow, making the taxi more stable and powerful, the turn can also be very fast and accurate. Some of the pure side of the design of the Park (Park board) effective side length is relatively long, the purpose is to improve the stability of the various props.

3. Snowboard technical characteristics : (1) core: CORE, the core of the core mainly by the different wood, glass fiber (Fiberglass) and carbon fiber (Carbon) through a different arrangement of the location and the level of the intersection of different snowboard Performance, is to determine a snowboard performance of the most critical factors, it mainly determines the weight of a board, flexibility and hardness of the three main performance parameters, the major brands will be different levels of board name, from the weight increase, elastic decline. A board of the board core can make your Ollie like a duck, but also allows you to take off from the heart. Too many brands in order to respond to environmental protection called the launch of bamboo core snowboard, in addition to environmental protection, not too many bright spots. 
(2) board: the board is not a beautiful pattern so simple, and some brands with anti-skid injury coating, such as Step-child, some brands are easy to scratch such as Burton and FLOW & squalor;

 

(3) at the end of the board: the major snowboard brand of the bottom of the board material is not the same, but mainly in two, one called the end of the squeeze plate, this plate is relatively soft, the speed is relatively slow, but maintenance and Repair is more convenient, generally applicable to Park (Park board); there is a called sintering plate bottom, this plate is relatively hard, fast, but maintenance and repair is relatively difficult, generally applicable to Free-ride (mountain plate). In addition to these two there are many kinds of hybrid plate bottom, which determines the different speed and wear the degree of snowboard. 
(4) Board edge: for the veneer board from the material on the sub-roughly two, one is the steel edge, more powerful, more durable, for Free-ride (mountain plate) and Freestyle (all-round plate), steel blade The disadvantage is difficult to polish, the need for professional staff and tools; another material is copper edge, this blade is relatively soft, the corresponding short life will be more suitable for playing in the park props, will not appear on the Rail card blade The situation, copper edge grinding comparison aspects. There is a kind of inner edge, that is, no blade, which is basically not widely recognized, Burton's Dominant Slide we think more embarrassing, the fact that has been discontinued.